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7月25日雅思考试考题回忆及答案~

2020-08-01 15:02:58 编辑:济南环球教育 浏览:(5255次)

雅思听力机经


一、考试概述:

本次考试13旧,老版本为0814版本。填空和选择比例拉平,难度中上。

Section 1 旧题= V14137,旅游场景;笔记完成10

Section 2 旧题=V14237,活动介绍;选择5+配对5

Section 3 新题,presentation准备单选6+双选4

Section 4 旧题=V08403,学术讲座;填空10

二、具体题目分析:

Section 1

版本号:V14137

场景:旅游介绍—— 游学团的旅游介绍

题型:笔记10

参考答案:

1. First sight seeing: one old forest

2. another road: see the whole city

3. and a rosegarden

4. there are two beach lines, the first is no sand

5. another line : at the side of a river

6. children can train tozoo

7. a phone number 642603971

8. a famous concert by local stars or composers

9. afternoon2.15pm

10. on weekend, there is no charge for bus

扩展练习:C5 T1S1; C9T3S1



Section 2

版本号:V14237

场景:健身活动介绍walking activity

题型:选择5+配对5

参考答案:

11. 活动对象:designed for

A. parents and children

B. people who are extremely fit

C.tourist who are not familiar with the city andwant to know the city.

12.活动人数maximum

A. 180

B. 250

C. 280

13. 什么情况下会要求退出活动?

A. people who cannot answer safety instructionalquestions

B. those who cause a lot trouble

14. why cancelled for years?

A. heavyrains

C insufficient

15. Badges could be obtained?

A. order in advance

B. immediately after the race

C. one week after finish the race

16-20 matching

A recommended

B up to the customer

C not recommended

16. thick trouser: C

17. drink: B water juicedecided by oneself

18. torch: C dangerous

19. mobile phone: A

20.rucksack:A

扩展练习:C7T3S2 为教育募捐的徒步活动说明,从考察重点上很相似,可以着重练习。




Section 3

版本号:

场景:如何准备presentation 讨论

题型:单选6+双选4

参考答案:(顺序待定供参考)

单选

21. 现在的问题应该从哪方面改进选项unrelevant

22. 学生举例子-公司成功原因--- change the idea(advertising use media)notbecause of the celebrities

23. 上一次presentation 失败的问题An interaction with audience


24-25. two sources for his presentation –not liable, very dull


26-27.导师提醒还有什么准备eye contact / should have the answer part




Section 4

版本号:V08403

场景:非洲游牧部落和定居部落-difference between settled nations and nomadic nations

题型:填空10

参考答案:

31. vertical


32 then for accommodation, settlers: nomad cabin

33. transport by camel

34. young people


35. farmers help local residents

36. what to exchange for settlers: green grain

37.What to exchange for nomad clothing


38. harvest food and meat


39. live in tents

40. intermediate mixedbetween two lifestyle /portable



雅思阅读机经



一、考试概述:

本次考试依旧是三旧,第二篇阅读与第三篇阅读话题与上次考试类似。第一篇 History of Refrigeration,科技发展类话题,剑桥真题中类似话题可参考C5T2P1, C8T1P1C8T2P1;第二篇 An Alternative Approach of Farming in Honduras讲的是农业技术,可参考C7T4P2C8T4P2;第三篇Mechanism of Linguistic Change,讲的是语言学话题,可参考C5T1P1C9T3P1

二、具体题目分析

Passage 1

题目:History of Refrigeration

内容:制冷剂历史

题型:特殊词配对+长句配对

文章主要内容:制冷剂历史上的标志性年份和事件。

Passage 2

题目:An Alternative Approach ofFarming in Honduras

内容:洪都拉斯雨林的新农耕

题型:摘要填空5道,配对题6道,多选题2

参考答案(可能与原文有出入)

14-19 段落信息配对题

14. why does the previous mode of farmingneed constantly changing places?——A

(村庄周围的土地资源早已枯竭,农民不得不长途跋涉2-3小时到山上去工作)

15. the new working mode does not care whothe operator is.——F

(农业可以让所有家庭成员都参与,并解释了为什么)

16. a kind of material that must be added——F

(inexpensive nitrogen, cook fuel)

17. how the new mode of farming (IAC)imitates the process of forest.——D

(一个人发明了这种农耕方式,并说明在自然状态下树叶自然掉落在地上以后可以为土壤增加养分)

18. why farmers have to continue theunattainable farming on the infertile land——B

(因为土地稀缺)

19. a description of the cost of using thisnew approach of planting crops——C

(需要分离出一部分土地来中暑,并且要等树长成但不会影响农民的生计)

20-24 摘要填空题

The government and Dr. Hans promoted theapproach of shifting agriculture and recycling of fertilizers without too much attention, because it is lack of lightso that weeds and grass will not survive. Thepruned branches would be put on the ground to form a thick layer of decomposingleaves. The crops would get nutrients from the holes. This approach poses no risk on farmers’ livelihood.

25-26 多选题

What are the benefits of new approach offarming?

A. More family members are involved

B. This technology will increase new speciesof local plant

C. The same land can be recycled

D. The new approach requires more labor thanthe traditional one

Passage 3

题目:Mechanism of LinguisticChange

题型:填空;判断;长句匹配

参考文章:

Mechanism of Linguistic Change

The changes that have caused the most disagreement are those inpronunciation. We have various sources of evidence for the pronunciations ofearlier times, such as the spellings, the treatment of words borrowed fromother languages or borrowed by them, the descriptions of contemporarygrammarians and spelling-reformers, and the modern pronunciations in all the languages and dialects concerned. From the middle of the sixteenth century,there are in England writers who attempt to describe the position of the speech-organsfor the production of English phonemes, and who invent what are in effectsystems of phonetic symbols. These various kind of evidence, combined with a knowledge of the mechanisms of speech-production, can often give us a very goodidea of the pronunciation of an earlier age, though absolute certainty is neverpossible.

When we study the pronunciation of a languageover any period of a few generations or more, we find there are always large-scale regularities in the changes: for example, over a certain period oftime, just about all the long [a:] vowels in a language may change into long[e:] vowelsor all the [b]consonants in a certain position (for example at the end of a word) may change into [p] consonants. Such regular changes are often called sound laws. There are no universal sound laws (even though sound laws often reflect universaltendencies), but simply particular sound laws for one given language (ordialect) at one given period.

It is also possible that fashion plays a part in the process ofchange. It certainly plays a part in the spread of change: one person imitatesanother, and people with the most prestige are most likely to be imitated, so that a change that takes place in one social group may be imitated (more orless accurately) by speakers in another group. When a social group goes up or down in the world, itspronunciation may gain or loseprestige. It is said that, after the Russian Revolution of 1917, theupper-class pronunciation of Russian, which had formerly been considereddesirable, became on the contrary an undesirable kind of accent to have, so that people tried to disguise it. Some of the changes in accepted Englishpronunciation in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries have been shown toconsist in the replacement of one style of pronunciation by another stylealready existing, and it is likely that such substitutions were a result of the great social changesof the period: the increased power and wealth of the middle classes, and theirsteady infiltration upwards into the ranks of the landed gentry, probablycarried elements of middle-class pronunciation into upper-class speech.

A lessspecific variant of the argument is that the imitation of children isimperfect: they copy their parents’ speech, but never reproduce it exactly.This is true, but it is also true that such deviations from adult speech areusually corrected in later childhood. Perhaps it is more significant that even adults show a certain amount of random variation in their pronunciation of a given phone me,even if the phonetic context is kept unchanged. This, however, cannot explain changes in pronunciation unless it can be shown that there is some systematic trend in the failures of imitation: if they are merelyrandom deviations they will cancel one another out and there will be no net change in the language.

One such force which is often invoked is the principle of ease, or minimization of effort. The change from fussy to fuzzy would be an example of assimilation which is a very commonkind of change. Assimilation is the changing of a sound under the influence of a neighbouring one. For example, the word scant was once skamtbut the /m/has been changed to /n/ under the influence of the following /t/. Greater efficiencyhas hereby been achieved, because /n/ and /t/ are articulated in the same place(with the tip of the tongue against the teeth-ridge), whereas /m/ isarticulated else where (with the two lips). So the place of articulation of thenasal consonant has been changed to conform with that of the following plosive.A more recentexample of the same kind of thing is the common pronunciation of football as foopball.

Assimilation is not the only way in which we change ourpronunciation in order to increase efficiency. It is very common for consonantsto be lost at the end of a word: in Middle English, word-final [-n] was oftenlost in unstressed syllables, so that baken ‘to bake’ changed from [ba:kən] to[ba:kə],and later to [ba:k]. Consonant-clusters are often simplified. At onetime there was a [t] in words like castle and Christmas, and an initial [k] inwords like knight and know. Sometimes a whole syllable is dropped out when twosuccessive syllables begin with the same consonant (haplology): a recent exampleis temporary, which in Britain is often pronounced as if it were tempory.




雅思写作机经


Task1

The chart below shows the number of magazines sold perperson in 5 countries in 2000, 2010 with the projection of 2020.


题目解析:

此题翻译为中文是:下面的柱状图给出了abcde五个国家2000年,2010年,2020年每人购买的杂志数量及预测信息。

本图为动态图,一共15个数据,不需要每个数字都罗列出来,注意抓特殊值(最大,最小);注意有相同趋势的可以归为一段(abc三个国家),数据较低的(de两个国家)可以归为另一段进行比较。

范文:158 words

The bar chart compares the sales of magazines in fivedifferent nations in the year 2000 and 2010, with forecasts to 2020.

It is noticeable that consumers in country a, b and cpurchased more magazines than people in country d and e, and it is projected tobe the same for the year 2020.

In 2000, around 48 magazines were sold per person in countrya, which was the largest number among the five countries. After experiencing asmall decline in 2010, this figure is expected to decrease to around 40 in theyear 2020. A similar sale pattern could be found in country b and c.

Magazines enjoyed the least popularity in country d ande, with only 10 and 11 sold in 2000, respectively. While a slight increase canbe witnessed in the sales of magazines in 2010 in country c, at only 15, itssales is predicted to drop in the next 10-year period.


Task 2议论文

题目

As well as making money, businesses should  also have social responsibilities. Do you agree or disagree?

话题

社会经济

题型

Agree or disagree

题目解析:

今天的题目是新题,但是认真备考过的烤鸭对于此类话题应该不会感到陌生。经济学里有个术语叫CSR,英文全称是CorporateSocial Responsibility, 意思是说企业在创造利润的同时,也要承担起对员工、消费者、社区和环境的责任。因此,考生在针对该题进行头脑风暴时就可以从这几个角度切入。

文章结构:5

首段:导入话题,表达立场

主体段1企业承担社会责任有助于缩小贫富差距。

主体段2企业承担社会责任有助于提高自身形象,获得更多经济利益。

主体段3在社会问题上的过多付出可能会使企业面临运作和发展问题。

结尾段:总结上文,重申立场。

范文:290 words

The last years witnessed the boom of enterprises. Apart from thetarget of making profits, businesses are obliged to be responsible for somesocial issues. This will exert beneficial influence on both our society and theenterprise itself, although the high cost on social issues may affect itsnormal operation.

It is widely acknowledged that the support from enterprises is conduciveto narrowing income gaps. Most companies have gained fiscal benefits fromvarious entrepreneurial activities. However, at a disadvantage in terms of educational opport unities and career development, a large number of families stillcannot afford educational expenses. If corporations can provide financial assistance for the students from disadvantaged backgrounds, chances are highthat these students will have a competitive advantage in the job market andobtain a decent job in the future.

In addition, when companies make contributions to solving social problems, there is a possibility that they can bring more profits to themselvesin return because of a good reputation it generates. For example, if theydecide to make joint efforts with other enterprises to help the public raisethe awareness of environmental protection, the corporate image is likely to be enhanced.As a result, these businesses will be able to gain more profits in trade activities.

Admittedly, if an enterprise spends too much money tackling social problems such as improving employees’ social welfare and medical service, its operation and development may be influenced negatively. More seriously, some companies will probably have to face the fact of bankruptcy.

To conclude, businesses have the obligation to shoulder social responsibilities, which can not only contribute to social stability, but also facilitate their own profits, although it may be difficult for them to balance social and entrepreneurial benefits from time to time.