2018-07-11 11:52:06 编辑：环球教育 浏览：(970次)
1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: The main role of a university professor is to educate students rather than to do research.
Nowadays, universities professors are assigned with more and more demanding requirements on research study and teaching assignments. Some people believe that the top priority for university professors is to educate students rather than to do research. As far as I am concerned, I agree with this standpoint for the following reasons.
As a teacher, a university professor should focus more on prepare their students for their future, and teach them how to apply theories and knowledge in practices. In order to start a career in the future, the majority of university students expect to learn both knowledge and skills in university-level education so that that they could utilize what they have learned in the future. Obviously, professors are the source of specialized of knowledge. Moreover, professors are also many students’ mentors who provide precious advice on students’ personal life. If professors devote all their efforts and time to academic research, they will have very limited energy to teach and guide their students, which, however, should be their primary task as teachers and educators.
Further, conducting research studies requires the knowledge in certain fields and inspirations as well. The inspirations, however, sometimes come from the discussions between professors and students rather than previous research. It is not surprising that students are highly creative and have excellent ideas that could contribute to professors’ research. As we all know, professors always stimulate students’ critical thinking ability. I believe that the converse is true as well. Many professors found that their students’ innovative ideas in class discussions could inspire their own research. In addition, if students are interested in professors’ research, they will probably participate in the research and provide professors with lots of help. Hence, it will benefit the professors’ research in return if they focus more on educating students in class.
Based on the above discussion, the main role of a university professor is to educate students rather than to do research. In the future, universities should not assign too many research assignments to professors, and should encourage professors to spend more efforts and time devoting themselves to classroom teaching as well as after class tutoring.
2. Some people think that giving students time during a class to discuss ideas with each other is a good way to help students learn; others think giving students time for discussion is ineffective or a waste of time. Which idea do you agree with, and why?
As is known to all, the education in China is exam-oriented. Everything students learn in class is for passing the exams. There are few open topics for students to discuss in Chinese class. It is believed by both Chinese teachers and students that discussion in class is an ineffective way to learn. I totally agree with it.
To begin with, Chinese students have got used to the way they are educated. Most students are required to listen carefully to the teachers and take as many note as possible in the class from primary school to senior high school. It will be too much to ask for students to accept class discussion within a short period of time. It is possible that students might not know what to say in the first place. When topics were given in class, it would be possible that the whole class would be silent. It is not only a waste of time, but also embarrassing.
In addition, the effectiveness of class discussion depends on the students’ personality. Unlike students from western countries like the United States, Chinese students are introverted who are reluctant to express their ideas in front of their fellow classmates. Some students might be afraid of speaking in public. They are worried if they do something wrong, it will be quite humiliating. Some students are just not interested in sharing although they have plenty of amazing ideas in mind.
Moreover, in order to conduct successful class discussion, the teacher plays the most crucial role. It is quite tough for the teacher to supervise the process. He is supposed to be capable of dealing with various challenges. He has to know how to start the topic when the whole class remains silent. Also he has to know how to engage as many students as possible. He has to know what to do when the discussion is absolutely off the topic.
In sum, class discussion might be an effective teaching method in other countries. However, it is not the case in China. It takes time for Chinese students to get familiar with it. It might be good when students become more extraverted. The qualification of the teacher matters the most in carrying out a successful class discussion.