济南学校

全国咨询电话

400-801-9655

首页 > 老师原创 >

环球楚楚 | 雅思听力中代词的作用

2019-12-10 15:20:17 编辑:济南环球教育 浏览:(1871次)


在雅思听力中,代词是非常重要的,尤其在填空题中。因为它们往往讲在前文中指代了我们题干中重要的信息,而这一类的词在我们听文章的时候很有可能会被忽略或者没有听出来所指代的信息,就会导致我们在听文章的时候导致不必要的丢分。

首先,我们先来了解一下雅思听力中代词的分类

1)人称代词

单数:I, you, he,she, it,

复数:we, you, they

宾格单数:meyou himherit

宾格复数:usyouthem

2)物主代词

单数:myyourhisherits

复数:mineyourshishersits

3)指示代词

thisthatthesethose

让我们通过12-3-4 的几道题来看一下,代词在雅思听力中的作用。

例题1:指示代词:12-3-4 Q31

题干句:It has also recently been found to affect birds whichfeed on _______________

对应原文句: what wasn't known until quite recently is that thosethat eat insects can also be affected

在此题题干中“ birds which feed on ______” ____什么的birds

在原文中, those 指代了前文中的birds

除此之外。在此题中还要注意;文章当中出现的主动语态和被动语态的替换: affect sth. — sth.be affected;以及同义词的替换: recently been found to — wasn't knownuntil quite recently feed on — eat

例题2:物主代词:12-3-4 Q33

题干句:the effects on bird song (usually learned from a bird’s  _______________ )

对应原文句: And she's particularly focusing on the effects ofmercury on bird song. Now, the process of song learning happens at a particularstage in the birds' development, and what you may not know is that a youngbird seems to acquire this skill by listening to the songs produced by itsfather, rather than by any other bird.

在此题中its 指代了前文中的youngbird ,替换了题干中的bird’s.

在此题中的同义词替换:learned from  —  acquire this skill

例题3:人称代词:12-3-4  Q34

题干句:songs learned by birds exposed to mercury are less_______________

对应原文句: And Varian-Ramos has already found in her researchthat if young male birds are exposed to mercury, if they eat foodcontaminated with mercury , then the songs they produce aren't as complexas those produced by other birds.

在此题中,注意代词 they指代了前面的 young malebirds 替换了题目中的birds

除此之外:还要去注意比较级的考法:be more… / less … 可能替换成 not as…as… 或者是 rather than...

诸如此类的听力在我们的雅思听力中是很常见的,大家平时在做题的时候也要自己多去总结。


回复“姓名+电话+测试”预约免费水平测试

回复“姓名+电话+试听”预约免费试听课程

回复“姓名+电话+课程”领取近期课表+备考大礼包