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环球邹冉冉 | 雅思写作之如何提升词汇

2020-01-06 15:22:32 编辑:济南环球教育 浏览:(2168次)

雅思写作之如何提升词汇?可从以五方面入手:


1.      词汇多样性

2.      词汇准确性

3.      词汇具体化

4.      抽象名词的使用

5.      亮点小词的使用

一、 词汇多样性:同意替换/词性替换/释义


e.g. 动词与名词之间的替换:

大量农村人口搬往城市。

动词同义词:move=migrate=shift=relocate

名词替换词:movement, migration, shift,relocation

释义:this/such common phenomenon

e.g. 副词与形容词之间的替换:

Children candevelop social skills faster.

==Children candevelop faster socially.

e.g. 动词与形容词之间的替换:

It makes thepublic angry.

==It angersthe public a lot.

二、词汇准确性

雅思写作中搭配远远比词汇重要!


e.g.

做研究:do research?

conduct asurvey=carry out a research

接受教育:accept education?

receiveeducation

三、词汇具体化

e.g. people,we用太多

如何解决?


1. 用one代替

People probablyget success inthe future career.

改为:

One is likely to achievesuccess in the future career.


2. ➕especially…

People, especially teenagersor children, are easilyaddicted into video games.

3. 如果是跟消费有关,可以把people改为consumers or customers; 如果跟看电视有关,可以改为TV audiences or viewers; 如果与玩游戏有关,可以改为users or players.

四、  抽象名词的使用

抽象名词做主语,会让句子显得简练高级。


e.g. 如果我们对一个地方太过熟悉,会容易觉得这个地方比较无聊。

familiar,boring是形容词,可以改为名词:familiarity, boredom

Familiaritybreeds boredom.

常见的抽象名词做主语的有:

Repeatedexposure to sth can do sth.

Theabsence/lack of sth can …

Great effortsshould be made to do…

Fullinvolvement of sth can …

五、亮点小词的使用—可以让考官眼前一亮

严重的问题:seriousor severeproblem 改为:

big problem

dwarf:本意为侏儒,但做动词意思为使变小

e.g. Benefitsdwarf its drawbacks.

开拓眼界:expand one’s horizons 改为:

offera window into…

Books offer awindow into a bigger world.

Travelingoffers a window into various lifestyles.

blow:动词用法比较常见,但是做名词用法更地道:

ablow for one’s confidence

cloud:本意为云彩,但是可以用在媒体类文章:

cloudone’s judgement,表示蒙蔽

开头常见模版:become more and more popular 改为:

enjoyhigh/worldwide popularity


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